A late Middle Pleistocene Denisovan mandible from the Tibetan Plateau
ISSN 0028-0836
卷号 569期号:7756页码:409-+
摘要 Denisovans are members of a hominin group who are currently only known directly from fragmentary fossils, the genomes of which have been studied from a single site, Denisova Cave(1-3) in Siberia. They are also known indirectly from their genetic legacy through gene flow into several low-altitude East Asian populations(4,5) and high-altitude modern Tibetans(6). The lack of morphologically informative Denisovan fossils hinders our ability to connect geographically and temporally dispersed fossil hominins from Asia and to understand in a coherent manner their relation to recent Asian populations. This includes understanding the genetic adaptation of humans to the high-altitude Tibetan Plateau(7,8), which was inherited from the Denisovans. Here we report a Denisovan mandible, identified by ancient protein analysis(9,10), found on the Tibetan Plateau in Baishiya Karst Cave, Xiahe, Gansu, China. We determine the mandible to be at least 160 thousand years old through U-series dating of an adhering carbonate matrix. The Xiahe specimen provides direct evidence of the Denisovans outside the Altai Mountains and its analysis unique insights into Denisovan mandibular and dental morphology. Our results indicate that archaic hominins occupied the Tibetan Plateau in the Middle Pleistocene epoch and successfully adapted to high-altitude hypoxic environments long before the regional arrival of modern Homo sapiens.
DOI 10.1038/s41586-019-1139-x
语种 英语
资助项目 Ministry of Education, Taiwan[107L901001]
WOS研究方向 Science & Technology - Other Topics
WOS类目 Multidisciplinary Sciences
WOS记录号 WOS:000468123700039
原始文献类型 Article
Citation statistics
文献类型 期刊论文
条目标识符 http://ir.lzu.edu.cn/handle/262010/244564
Collection 资源环境学院
通讯作者 Chen, Fahu;Zhang, Dongju;Hublin, Jean-Jacques
作者单位 1.Chinese Acad Sci, CAS Ctr Excellence Tibetan Plateau Earth Sci, Key Lab Alpine Ecol LAE, 1 separate add, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Tibetan Plateau Res, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Lanzhou Univ, Coll Earth & Environm Sci, Key Lab Western Chinas Environm Syst, Minist Educ, Lanzhou, Gansu, Peoples R China
4.Max Planck Inst Evolutionary Anthropol, Dept Human Evolut, Leipzig, Germany
5.Univ Copenhagen, Dept Biol, Copenhagen, Denmark
6.Natl Taiwan Univ, Dept Geosci, High Precis Mass Spectrometry & Environm Change L, Taipei, Taiwan
7.Natl Taiwan Univ, Res Ctr Future Earth, Taipei, Taiwan
8.NYU, Dept Anthropol, Ctr Study Human Origins, New York, NY 10003 USA
9.Univ Oxford, Target Discovery Inst, Oxford, England
10.Fudan Univ, Inst Archaeol Sci, Dept Cultural Heritage & Museol, Shanghai, Peoples R China
11.Gansu Prov Inst Cultural Relics & Archaeol Res, Lanzhou, Gansu, Peoples R China
12.Univ Kent, Sch Anthropol & Conservat, Canterbury, Kent, England
13.Karl Landsteiner Univ Hlth Sci, Dept Anat & Biomech, Krems An Der Donau, Austria
14.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Vertebrate Paleontol & Paleoanthropol, Ctr Excellence Life & Paleoenvironm, Key Lab Vertebrate Evolut & Human Origins, Beijing, Peoples R China
15.Coll France, Chaire Int Paleoanthropol, Paris, France
第一作者单位 资源环境学院
通讯作者单位 资源环境学院
Recommended Citation:
GB/T 7714
Chen, Fahu,Welker, Frido,Shen, Chuan-Chou,et al. A late Middle Pleistocene Denisovan mandible from the Tibetan Plateau[J]. NATURE,2019,569(7756):409-+.
APA Chen, Fahu.,Welker, Frido.,Shen, Chuan-Chou.,Bailey, Shara E..,Bergmann, Inga.,...&Hublin, Jean-Jacques.(2019).A late Middle Pleistocene Denisovan mandible from the Tibetan Plateau.NATURE,569(7756),409-+.
MLA Chen, Fahu,et al."A late Middle Pleistocene Denisovan mandible from the Tibetan Plateau".NATURE569.7756(2019):409-+.
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